Success Stories
 

Establishment of leguminous and non-leguminous fodder bank along with dairy and stall fed sheep and goat unit

1. Background: Shri Ningappa Shekappa Kenganur, has got 0.4 ha (1 acre) of land at Kabbenur village of Dharwad taluka. Earlier he was growing chickpea, chilly, onion in his one acre land. Overall his farm income was very low and he was putting lot of effort to increase farm returns. From these agriculture crops he used to get income of Rs. 45,000/- annually. He approached KVK Dharwad, line departments and progressive farmers to gain knowledge and practical experience. In this regard, KVK scientists guided him with adoptive technologies suited to his farm conditions and advised to take up dairy and goat farming as sustainable income with regular monitoring and field visits.

2. Intervention Process: He has under taken leguminous and non leguminous fodder production in his field, training in fodder production and storage, dairy and goat farming sponsored by KVK and line departments which has resulted in breakthrough of fodder yield and profit.

3. Intervention Technology: Shri Ningappa Shekappa Kenganur, highly enthusiastic, innovative farmer and is involved in cultivating only field crops viz., chickpea, chilly, onion in his field under irrigated facility. Through frontline demonstration (FLD) and other intervention of Krishi Vigyan Kendra Dharwad, Shri Ningappa Shekappa Kenganur was suggested to start the dairy and goat farming. To run animal husbandry activities one should focus on feed/fodder production and management as it contribute 60-70% of total cost to dairy or goat farming. Hence he was suggested to establish leguminous and non leguminous fodder bank. He started dairy and goat farming by establishing leguminous (DHN-6, Guinea grass) and non leguminous fodder crops and tree bank (lucerne, drumstick, sesbania) in 0.4 ha of land. Total 260 ton of leguminous and non leguminous fodder was produced from one acre land and from this fodder bank he is maintaining 5 HF cross cows and 30 goats. Shri Ningappa with his experience feels that a high yielding dairy cow require 2-4 kg of concentrate, 15-20 kg of green fodder and 5-7 kg of dry fodder depending on lactating and dry period condition. Goats require 150-400 g of concentrate, 2.5-5 kg of green fodder and 1-1.5 kg of dry fodder depending on pregnancy and dry period condition. Feeding leguminous and non leguminous fodder in the ratio of 1:3 results in increase in milk yield of cows and body weight of goats, manifold decrease in cost of concentrate feed and fodder purchase and economic status have been evidenced with adoption of leguminous and non leguminous fodder bank.

4. Impact-Horizontal Spread: Helped in the dissemination of technology in and around the villages of Kabbenur through FLD, field days, method demonstration, group discussion and trainings.

5. Impact-Economic Gains: Motivational interventions and mentoring by scientists of Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Dharwad enabled the farmer to carry out dairy and goat farming through establishment of leguminous and non leguminous fodder bank which has not only resulted in socio-economic security but also helped in attaining food and nutrition security of the community. Before adoption of this technology, due to climatic factor there is reduced yield in field crop, also low market price which has resulted in less return. Total cost for feed and fodder without fodder bank for maintaining 5 cow and 30 goats will be approximately Rs. 336900/- for one year. Whereas establishing leguminous and non leguminous fodder bank reduced the total cost of feed and fodder by (66.40%) Rs.114000/- for same population. The adoption of this technology for dairy and goat farming through intervention of Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Dharwad enhanced his total income of Rs. 800000/- with B:C ratio of 3.66 over a period of two years.

6. Impact on Employment Generation: Since, the farm activities carried out by this farmer requires man power throughout the year. Hence, minimum of 02-04 men labour are employed in his farm.

 

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